Dark Light

Cannabis Strains and Their Purposes Leave a comment

There are various categories of cannabis, commonly known as weed or marijuana. Marijuana encompasses the dried seeds, stems, leaves, or flowers of the Cannabis plant. The specific classification of weed is determined by how the plant is processed and the particular type of Cannabis plant it originates from.

All types of Weed originate from the Cannabis Plant, yet distinct species produce various effects on individuals

The primary active compound in weed is Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, known as THC. THC possesses psychoactive properties, which means it can change one’s mood, alertness, awareness, and cognitive abilities. Another significant component found in weed plants is Cannabidiol, or CBD, which induces relaxation without the psychoactive effects associated with THC. CBD is also believed to have pain-relieving properties.

What varieties of cannabis are available? There are two primary categories of cannabis, distinguished by the specific species of the Cannabis plant from which they originate (Sativa and Indica). While weed originally originated from these two strains, there are now hundreds of hybrid strains that blend elements from both.

Previous Article: Indica vs Sativa – https://www.cannabisgrowing.com.au/indica-vs-sativa/

Cannabis comes in two main types: Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa, each with distinct effects on individuals. Recently, Cannabis ruderalis has also been used for medicinal purposes due to its lower THC levels. Hybrid strains combining features of the two primary species have also emerged.

Individuals using marijuana typically choose a type based on their desired effects, which can vary from person to person. The method of consumption, such as smoking or ingestion, can also influence the cannabis experience. While everyone’s experience is unique, there are general effects associated with each strain:

Indica and Sativa: Indepth View


Cannabis indica comes from the cold, mountainous Hindu “Kush” region near Afghanistan, which gives it a shorter, bushier appearance with darker, fuller, and rounder leaves that form clustered buds.

C. indica is famous for its high THC and low CBD levels, making it a potent strain. It’s well-known for its relaxing and sedating effects, often making people want to unwind on the couch. It’s typically used in the evening or before bedtime because it produces a soothing “body high.”

Indica is a popular choice for those with insomnia due to its calming effects. A recent study found that more people experienced relief from insomnia and pain when using indica compared to sativa, possibly because of its higher THC levels.


Cannabis sativa originates from warmer climates like Mexico and South Africa, and it typically grows tall with long, slender leaves. This plant requires more than 11 hours of darkness daily to start flowering.

C. sativa contains lower levels of THC compared to indica but has higher levels of CBD, resulting in a more balanced chemical composition. Sativa strains are known for their invigorating effects, and people often consume them in the morning or afternoon. Some individuals claim that sativa helps them focus and enhances their creativity. C. sativa is associated with a cognitive or “head high” rather than the body high experienced with indica.

Thanks to its mood-lifting and energizing properties, sativa is often chosen by individuals dealing with depression or fatigue. Some users have also reported relief from symptoms of ADHD and other mood disorders when using sativa.


Hybrid strains are created by crossbreeding the seeds of the two common Cannabis strains in an effort to combine their effects. Nowadays, most cultivated strains are hybrids rather than pure indica or sativa varieties.

These hybrids are typically categorized based on their predominant effects. For instance, a sativa-dominant hybrid is more likely to deliver energizing effects and a cerebral high.


Cannabis ruderalis, another species, was initially found in southern Russia. It tends to be shorter than the other two weed species and features slender, fibrous stems with large leaves. What sets it apart is that it’s an auto flowering plant, meaning it flowers based on the plant’s age rather than relying on light conditions.

C. ruderalis contains very low levels of THC compared to other cannabis strains, making it seldom used for recreational purposes. Instead, it finds more frequent application in medicinal marijuana.

Best Wake n Bake Strains:

Jack Herer

Jack Herer stands as a beloved sativa-dominant hybrid, meticulously bred through the fusion of Skunk, Haze, and Northern Lights strains. This remarkable creation has garnered an impressive collection of over 14 cannabis cups, consistently astonishing both cultivators and enthusiasts alike with its elongated, fragrant blossoms and invigorating, mood-lifting effects.

The buds of Jack Herer emit a distinctive spicy-sweet fragrance, seamlessly intertwining sweet citrus undertones with subtle hints of spicy Haze, crisp pine, and a touch of cinnamon. A mere few puffs of Jack Herer in the morning promise to elicit a smile, ease the body’s tension, and awaken the mind with a stimulating cerebral boost.

Cultivators, too, have ample reason to rejoice in the presence of Jack Herer; these plants can reach towering heights of up to 2 meters and yield generously, particularly when cultivated in ScrOG or SOG setups. Expect to be rewarded with sizeable, densely packed, and exceptionally resinous flowers.

For more info on this strain click Here

Sour Diesel

Sour Diesel, affectionately known as Sour D, stands as a timeless hybrid whose distinct gasoline-like fragrances have left an indelible mark on the world of cannabis genetics. This exceptional strain, born of the union between Chemdawg and Skunk, emits an unmistakable scent reminiscent of a freshly filled jerry can brimming with potent diesel fuel. Hailing from Staten Island, New York, Sour Diesel is undeniably one of the most renowned strains to originate from the US East Coast.

Beyond its bold aroma, Sour Diesel earns adoration from smokers for its enchanting, cerebral high. Just a few inhalations are all it takes for Sour D to transport you into a blissful, hours-long, and euphoric dream state—a perfect choice when seeking relaxation and inspiration. Additionally, Sour Diesel possesses remarkable energizing qualities, making it an ideal wake-and-bake strain whether you’re on vacation or simply eager to unleash your inner creativity.

For more info on this strain click Here

Best Night-time Strains

Girl Scout Cookies

Despite its seemingly innocuous name, this indica strain tailored for sleep packs a potent punch. Girl Scout Cookies boasts a THC content ranging between 25% and 30%, making it a choice best suited for seasoned users seeking a robust sleep aid. This hybrid indica strain combines its high THC levels with additional terpenes and caryophyllene to deliver a formidable sedative effect.

For more info on this strain click Here


If you have a soft spot for ice cream, you’re bound to appreciate this indica strain tailored for relaxation, aptly named after the velvety and creamy Italian dessert. Gelato is celebrated for its soothing and comforting effects, making it an ideal choice to unwind after a demanding day or savor moments with mellow friends and family.

Gelato is a hybrid strain with indica roots, a fusion of the Thin Mint Girl Scout Cookies and Sunset Sherbert strains (see details below). Although Gelato maintains a balance of indica and sativa genetics, it leans more towards the indica side. This translates to CBD levels typically below 1% and a THC content ranging between 17% and 25%.


For more info on this strain click Here

Northern Lights

Northern Lights, often referred to as NL, emerges from a harmonious union between Afghani and Thai indica strains. This particular indica variety, designed for promoting restful sleep, induces a euphoric sensation that gently eases the mind, body, and muscles, paving the way for a profound and rejuvenating slumber. Those who have sampled it describe its flavor as a delightful blend of sweetness and spice. Typically, Northern Lights strains feature less than 1% CBD and THC levels ranging from 16% to 22%.

For more info on this strain click Here

Cannabis for Pain Relief

First, How does Cannabis Aid in Chronic Pain?

Cannabinoids like THC and CBD are natural compounds found in cannabis. When consumed, they interact with specific receptors in the body called CB1 and CB2 receptors. CB1 receptors, mainly in the brain and nervous system, control the psychoactive effects of cannabis, while CB2 receptors, abundant in the immune system, play a role in regulating the immune system and inflammation.

CBD can reduce chronic inflammation and pain. It also affects opioid receptors, which are essential for pain regulation. CBD binds to opioid receptors and changes how they respond to stimuli, leading to pain reduction.

THC, the primary compound in cannabis responsible for its intoxicating effects, interacts with cannabinoid receptors in the brain, reducing the perception of pain.

Cannabis contains various terpenes, such as Beta-caryophyllene, Eucalyptol, Limonene, Linalool, Myrcene, and Pinene, which may help alleviate chronic pain by relieving stress, anxiety, and inflammation.

Best Strains for Pain Relief

White Widow

This strain is renowned for its potent effects. It has the potential to induce feelings of euphoria, happiness, and relaxation. Additionally, some users have noted heightened creativity and increased energy levels. Overall, White Widow contains myrcene, cannabigerol (CBG), and around 15% THC. It provides pain relief and has been noted for its stimulating effects.

For more info on this strain click Here


Blueberry is a calming cannabis strain renowned for its euphoric effects and pain-relieving properties. It boasts an approximate THC content of 17% along with myrcene.

Blueberry is highly effective for alleviating both pain and anxiety, thanks to its pain-relieving cannabinoids and its soothing, numbing qualities. It’s an excellent strain for achieving a sense of calm in both the mind and body.

For more info on this strain click Here

Cannabis Growing main logo

About the Author

Our deep love of plants and fascination with Cannabis has enabled over 25 years of successful small scale Marijuana cultivation from indoor hydroponics, greenhouses and outdoor growing set-ups.

As Cannabis laws around the world change, *we support the movement toward freedom of choice for responsible, consenting adults who wish to experience the joy and wonder of growing a Cannabis plant.

*All info is for entertainment purposes only.  We do not condone illegal growing of Cannabis.   Consult your state laws accordingly. 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *